The following quick reference summarizes the operators supported by the Java programming language.

**Simple Assignment Operator**

= Simple assignment operator

**Arithmetic Operators**

+ Additive operator (also used for String concatenation) - Subtraction operator * Multiplication operator / Division operator % Remainder operator

**Unary Operators**

+ Unary plus operator; indicates positive value (numbers are positive without this, however) - Unary minus operator; negates an expression ++ Increment operator; increments a value by 1 -- Decrement operator; decrements a value by 1 ! Logical complement operator; inverts the value of a boolean

**Equality and Relational Operators**

== Equal to != Not equal to > Greater than >= Greater than or equal to < Less than <= Less than or equal to

**Conditional Operators**

&& Conditional-AND || Conditional-OR ?: Ternary (shorthand for if-then-else statement)

**Type Comparison Operator**

instanceof Compares an object to a specified type

**Bitwise and Bit Shift Operators**

~ Unary bitwise complement << Signed left shift >> Signed right shift >>> Unsigned right shift & Bitwise AND ^ Bitwise exclusive OR | Bitwise inclusive OR

**Precedence of Java Operators:**

Operator precedence determines the grouping of terms in an expression. This affects how an expression is evaluated. Certain operators have higher precedence than others; for example, the multiplication operator has higher precedence than the addition operator:

For example, x = 7 + 3 * 2; here x is assigned 13, not 20 because operator * has higher precedence than +, so it first gets multiplied with 3*2 and then adds into 7.

Here, operators with the highest precedence appear at the top of the table, those with the lowest appear at the bottom. Within an expression, higher precedence operators will be evaluated first.

Category | Operator | Associativity |
---|---|---|

Postfix | () [] . (dot operator) | Left toright |

Unary | ++ - - ! ~ | Right to left |

Multiplicative | * / % | Left to right |

Additive | + - | Left to right |

Shift | >> >>> << | Left to right |

Relational | > >= < <= | Left to right |

Equality | == != | Left to right |

Bitwise AND | & | Left to right |

Bitwise XOR | ^ | Left to right |

Bitwise OR | | | Left to right |

Logical AND | && | Left to right |

Logical OR | || | Left to right |

Conditional | ?: | Right to left |

Assignment | = += -= *= /= %= >>= <<= &= ^= |= | Right to left |

Comma | , | Left to right |